Hair loss is a common problem. It impacts individuals from all kinds of walks. In most cases, alopecia (hair loss) is caused due to interruption in the body’s natural cycle of production of hair. It can occur anywhere on the body, yet mostly it’s the human scalp. As your scalp have approximately 100,000 hairs. In an average cycle, the hair goes through periods of growing, resting, falling out, and then eventually regeneration.
For ease of learning, we can divide the hair growth cycle into three unique phases. First, the anagen phase in which hair growth is active. It’s a long phase and might last for years. The second phase is called the catagen phase in which hair stops growing and gets separated from its follicles. The follicles are structures beneath the skin that hold the hair intact. The second phase can last up to 10-15 days. The last phase is the telogen phase. In this phase, the follicle rests for about two-three months.
In the next anagen phase, new hair starts to grow in the same follicles. During this cycle, most people would naturally lose 50 to 100 hairs per day. Yet, in case this cycle is disrupted, then hair follicles get damaged and hair fall starts. Since hair falls quickly than it is regenerated, this causes problems like receding hairline, overall thinning, etc.
Sometimes hair loss occurs due to a person’s genetics, medical condition, etc. Let’s check out some of the common hair and scalp disorders, as well the behind the scene causes.
Perhaps it is one of the most common types of hair loss. It has impacted 60+ million men and over 40 million women all around the world. This hair problem is also known by a common name aka male pattern hair loss or female pattern hair loss. It is hereditary, but you can manage it with hair replacement programs.
Male Hair Loss Patterns
Hair loss problems can start at any time after puberty. Moreover, it can progress over years. In the worst case, it can go on for a decade. In most cases, it is observed that hair loss starts above the temples and then continues around the top of the head. This pattern eventually leaves a ring of hair along the bottom of the scalp. Men with male hair loss patterns would eventually go bald.
Female Hair Loss Pattern
When it comes to women, the hair slowly starts thinning all over the scalp, yet the hairline usually stays the same. This hair condition is often part of natural aging. In women, hair loss also may begin after puberty. The female hair loss pattern causes dramatically thinning of hair. Yet, only in rare cases, it leads to complete baldness.
Other types of hair loss: –
- Telogen Effluvium
- Anagen Effluvium
- Alopecia Areata
- Tinea Capitis
- Cicatricial Alopecia
The problem of hair loss can range from thinning to complete baldness. It is sometimes sudden, other times it is slow. Furthermore, you might develop more than one hair loss condition simultaneously.